Asian Soil Research Journal 2021-08-31T04:59:45+00:00 Asian Soil Research Journal Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Soil Research Journal (ISSN: 2582-3973)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ASRJ/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of soil research. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Vegetative Growth and Ion Relations in Soybean with Potassium Sulphate Application under Saline Environment 2021-08-05T04:35:07+00:00 Badar-uz- Zaman Zaryab Gul Muhammad Suhaib Muhammad Ishaq Haris Khurshid <p><strong>Aims:</strong> To evaluate the effect of K<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub><sup>2- </sup>application on growth of soybean cultivars besides chemical parameters under salt stress.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Laid out the experiment in Complete Randomized Design in triplicates.&nbsp; Analyzed the data statistically by using the statistical software Statistix 8.1.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was conducted in Soil Salinity and Bio-saline Research</p> <p>green house and in the laboratory of Land Resources Research Institute at National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad (under PARC), Pakistan for three months.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> To study germination parameters under salt stress, NaCl was used @ 0, 100, 120 and 140 mmol L<sup>-1</sup>. At seedling stage, interactive effect among salt stress (0 and 4.5 dSm<sup>-1</sup>), potassium sulphate (KS) application @ 10 mmol L<sup>-1 </sup>and soybean (Cvs. NIBGE-301 and NIGBE-158) was recorded for growth and ion relations.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Germination, biomass, bio vigor, mass vigor and sap vigor of the seedlings and ion relations were affected highly significantly (p≤ 0.01).&nbsp; Under interactive effect of KS and salt stress at vegetative stage, Na<sup>+/</sup>K<sup>+</sup> in the plants declined with KS application. Sulphur and phosphorus concentration in the plants changed under the same conditions.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Induced salt stress revealed germination, seed bio vigor, seeding mass vigor, and seedling sap vigor seedling and other vegetative parameters of soybean cultivars. Potassium sulphate application revealed genotypes differential response to ion relations and growth under salt stress. NIBGE-301 was more tolerant to salt stress and more responsive to potassium sulphate application than NIGBE-158.</p> 2021-07-31T11:17:29+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Land Uses on Soil Erodibility (Index) and Soil Loss of the Keana Geological Sediments of Parts of Nasarawa State, Nigeria 2021-08-31T04:59:45+00:00 M. G. Abubakar M. O. Udochukwu O. S. Enokela <p>The effect of land uses on soil erodibility and soil loss of the Keana geological sediments of parts of Nasarawa State, Nigeria was investigated in this study. Geographic positioning system (GPS) was used to identify three land uses (agricultural, forested, and residential). Soil samples were collected from top soils at 0-30 cm depth using core sampler from 1 ha of each land use in 8 settlement communities (16 locations). Standard laboratory methods for soil analysis were followed for determination of Dispersion ratio, Erosion ration, Clay ratio and Modified clay ratio. Linear regression and correlation were used to determine the logical relationship between the erodibility index and corresponding soil loss. The soils from the study area were classified as sandy loam and sandy clay loam with high density, high permeability and porosity making them less vulnerable to shear stress. Dispersion ration (DR) modified clay ratio (MCR), Clay ratio (CR) and Erosion ratio (ER) where high, which suggests that soils from the study area are vulnerable to erosion at various degree of susceptibility.&nbsp; Mean value of erodibility factor (K) and predicted soil loss of 0.0492, 0.0460 and 0.0357; 7.77, 7.20 and 5.48 tonnes/hectare/year&nbsp; for agricultural, forested, and residential&nbsp; lands respectively. The findings suggest that land uses influence the soil erodibility in the formation is in this order residential land &gt; agricultural land &gt; forested land use. The erosion class is ‘very low’ for forested (soils in this class have very slight to no erosion potential), ‘low’ (soil losses will occur) for agricultural and residential land uses respectively. These findings suggest that soil erodibility has been significantly influence by land use change in Keana geological sediment.</p> 2021-08-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of [N-(Phosphonomethl)-glycine] (Glyphosate) Herbicide on Soil Microbial Population 2021-08-31T04:58:44+00:00 Halima Isa Mohammed Bashir Maryam Ibraheem Aisha Mahmud Marafa <p><strong>Aims: </strong>To determine the effect of [N-(phosphonomethl)-glycine] (glyphosate) herbicide on soil bacterial and fungal population.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>The effect glyphosate herbicide on soil microorganisms population on 2 different farm land was determined by Isolation of bacteria and fungi from untreated and Glyphosate herbicide treated soils using Nutrient agar and Potatoes dextrose agar (PDA) for the bacteria and fungi respectively. The number of bacteria and fungi present in both treated and untreated soil was then enumerated and the isolates determined.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>The study is a cross sectional research and was conducted on two Farm lands located at Yola capital city of Adamawa state Nigeria wheresoil samples were collected and Microbiology laboratory of Modibbo Adama University Yola were the sample was processed and analyzed. The study was conducted from February to May of 2021.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Bacteria and fungi were isolated from soil samples before and after treatment of the soils with N-(phosphonomethl)-glycine(Glyphosate) herbicide at different concentration, the bacteria and fungi populations isolated both before and after the treatment were compared.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The study showed that Glyphosate herbicide caused reduction in the bacterial and fungal count from 3 days of treatment up to 15 days. The bacterial count reduced from 6.1x10<sup>8</sup>cfu/g in the untreated soil to 1.6x10<sup>8</sup>cfu/g on the treatment. Also the fungal count reduced from 1.0x10<sup>8</sup>cfu/g in the untreated soil to 5.0x10<sup>7</sup>cfu/g after 15days of soil treatment. Both the bacterial and fungal count continues to show a gradual decrease up to 15 days in the treated soil. However, several bacteria and fungi were isolated with <em>Bacillus</em> spp. and <em>Micrococcus</em> spp. having the bacteria with highest occurrence with 42(19.91%) and <em>Aspergillus</em>spp. as the fungi with the highest occurrence with 12(42.85%). Statistical analysis of the data obtained indicated that At 95% confidence level, there is a significant difference in the population of bacteria and fungi before and after the soil treatment <em>P-value</em>(T˃t)=.001</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study revealed that Glyphosate herbicide has a negative effect on soil bacteria and fungi population.</p> 2021-08-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##