Evaluation of Growth Performance of Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas) Seedlings on Different Soils in the Northern Guinea Savanna Agrological Zone of Nigeria

Main Article Content

A. I. Sodimu
G. L. Lapkat
N. O. Oladele
O. Osunsina
R. Suleiman
T. A. Awobona


The preliminary study was carried out to evaluate the growth performance of Jatropha curcas seedlings on different soils at the nursery of the Federal College of Forestry Mechanization Afaka, Kaduna. Farm land soil, forest soil and granulated iron stone soil were sourced within the college premises and FRIN/JICA plantation. Jatropha curcas seedlings were sown on the different soils and each was replicated eight (8) times. The experiment was laid out in Complete Randomized Design (CRD). Growth parameters were collected forth nightly and was subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Results revealed that there are significant (P>0.05) difference in the height, stem diameter and number of leaf among the three different soil for the growth assessment. The growth rate recorded from the farm land soil are statistical higher (P>0.05) in leaf width, plant height and stem diameter than the other two soil while the growth parameters assessed were significantly lower (P>0.05) in iron stone soil and forest soil. It is recommended based on the parameters assessed that soil from the farmland gives the best result for raising and nurturing of J. curcas in the nursery without addition of any plant nutrient media.

Jatropha curcas seedlings, forest soils, guinea savanna, nursery, nutrient media.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sodimu, A. I., Lapkat, G. L., Oladele, N. O., Osunsina, O., Suleiman, R., & Awobona, T. A. (2020). Evaluation of Growth Performance of Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas) Seedlings on Different Soils in the Northern Guinea Savanna Agrological Zone of Nigeria. Asian Soil Research Journal, 3(2), 12-17. https://doi.org/10.9734/asrj/2020/v3i230068
Original Research Article


Robert EP. The encyclopedia of fruit and nuts CABI. 2008;371–372.
[ISBN: 9780-8519]

Lutz A. Vegetable oil as fuel an environmentally and socially compatible concept for Mali Gate Eschborn. 1992;4: 38–46.

Liebig MA, Schmer MR, Vogel KP, Mitchell RB. Soil carbon storage: Switch grass grown for bio-energy. Bio-Energy Research. 2009;1:3 – 4.

Duke JA, Wain KK. Medicinal plants of the world. Computer Index with more than 85,000 Entries. 1981;3.

Bello MI, Sodimu AI, Akinyemi O, Emeghara UU. Medicinal utilization of Jathropha curcas (Physic-nut) in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria. In: Mohammed, I., Kyiogwom, U.B., Hassan, W.A., Ala, A.L., Singh, A. and Dogondaji, S.D. (Eds.). Proceedings of paper presented at the 23rd Annual Conference of the Farm Management Association of Nigeria (FAMAN) held at Usmanu Danfodio University, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria. 2009;427–431.

Allot KT, Akhilesh K, Hifjur R. Bio-diesel production from jatropha oil (Jatropha carcus) with high free fatty acid: An optimized process. Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur India. 2006;17.

Makkar HPS, Aderibigbe AO, Becker K. Comparative evaluation of a non-toxic and toxic variety of Jatropha curcas for chemical composition, digestibility, protein degradability and toxic factors. Food Chemistry. 1998;62:207–215.

Amin H. Review on bio-fuel oil and gas production processes from micro-algae energy conversion and management. 2009;7:1834–1840.

Akintayo ET. Characteristics and composition of Parkia biglobosa and Jatropha curcas oil and cakes. Bio-source Technology. 2004;307–310.

Adam KK. Research into bio-diesel kinetics and catalyst development Ph.D Thesis, University of Queensland Australia. 2004; 45.

Larry HJ. Physic nut (Jatropha carcus) promoting the conservation and uses of under-utilized and neglected crops. Institute of Plant Genetic Crop Plant Research, Gertersleben. International Plant Resources Institute Rome. 1996; 54.

Otegbeye GO, Owonubi JJ, Oviasuyi PK. Interspecific variation growth of eucalyptus growing in Northern Nigeria. Proceeding of 27th Annual conference of Forest Association, Nigeria. 2001;12-16.

Sodimu AI, Usman MB, Lapkat GL, Suleiman RA, Maikano S, Okechalu SO. Ethnobotany and indigenous utilization of shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa) in different parts of Kaduna northern guinea Sodimu, Savanna of Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Research and Technology. 2019;8(12):26-30.
[ISSN: 2277-0585]

Nelson DW, Sommer LE. Total carbon organic and organic matter in method of soil analysis. Soil Science. 1982;5:127-186.

Grossman RB, Ranches TG. Bulk density and linear extensibility in methods of soil analysis. Soil Science. 2002;5:201-228.

Handershot WH, Lelande MD. Soil reaction and exchangeable acidity in soil sampling and method of analysis. Soil Science. 1993;5:141-145.

Emeghara UU, Adelani DO, Sodimu AI, Sirajo A. Influence of seed storage duration on chemical composition, germination and early seedling growth of Jatropha curcas in the Northern Guinea Savanna Agrological zone. Forest and Forest Products Journal. 2017;10:97-105.
[ISSN: 2006-8026]

Emeghara UU, Olukotun O, Onwuegbuna DO, Sodimu AI, Isola A. Growth response of Jathropha curcas cuttings as influenced by various sources of soil nutrients. Books of Abstract of the Paper Presented at the 26th Annual Conference of the Horticultural Society of Nigeria (HORTSON), Held at Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria. 2008;7.

Sodimu AI. Influence of granulated ironstones overlay depth on the growth of teak (Tectona grandis Linn F.) seedlings in south western Nigeria. A thesis Submitted to Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management. University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria. 1998;23.