Estimation of Ecosystem Carbon Stock and Tree Species Diversity at National Botanical Garden, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Main Article Content

Md. Delwar Hossain
Md. Ehsanul Haq
Manna Salwa
Md. Nazmul Islam Shekh
Aisha Siddika
Sharna Akter
Md. Forhad Hossain
Md. Shariful Islam

Abstract

The study was conducted from January to April 2018 to estimate ecosystem carbon stock and tree species diversity at National Botanical Garden, Bangladesh. Transects line method square plots with a size of 20 m × 20 m were used. So altogether there were total eighty-three sample plots in National Botanical Garden. Above ground carbon (AGC) and below ground carbon (BGC) biomass stock was 192.67 and 31.34, respectively and soil organic carbon mean value of 27.52 Mg ha-1, 21.45 Mg ha-1 and 16.23 Mg ha-1, respectively for 0-10 cm depth, 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm depth. The average number of tree species per hectare was 128 with a mean value of each plot 3.00 to 9.00 species. The average number of trees in National Botanical Garden (233 tree ha-1), basal area (21.45 m2 ha-1) and mean DBH (39.86 cm). Tree diversity range from 0.25 to 1.86 and the mean value of (0.93 ± 0.14) in National Botanical Garden. A relationship such as biomass carbon with the basal area, mean DBH, stem density and tree diversity were estimated. Among these, the relationship between basal area and biomass carbon showed positive significant correlation. Therefore, the results of the study confirmed that the selected botanical garden can serve as a valuable ecological tool in terms of carbon sequestration, diverse tree species and storage of soil organic carbon.

Keywords:
Biomass, carbon stock, diversity, ecosystem and tree species.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hossain, M. D., Haq, M. E., Salwa, M., Shekh, M. N. I., Siddika, A., Akter, S., Hossain, M. F., & Islam, M. S. (2019). Estimation of Ecosystem Carbon Stock and Tree Species Diversity at National Botanical Garden, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Asian Soil Research Journal, 2(2), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/asrj/2019/v2i230051
Section
Original Research Article

References

Milfont TL, Wilson MS, Sibley CG. The public’s belief in climate change and its human cause are increasing over time. Plos One. 2017;12:e0174246.

Xue L, Yang F, Yang C, Chen X, Zhang L, Chi Y, Yang G. Identification of potential impacts of climate change and anthropogenic activities on streamflow alterations in the Tarim River Basin, China. Scientific Reports. 2017;7:8254.

IPCC. Climate change 2014: Synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In R.K.P.a.L.A.M. (Ed.), Core writing team Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC. 2014;151.

Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner GK, Alexander LV, Allen SK, Bindo NL, Emori S. Technical summary. In Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovern-mental Panel on Climate Change. 2013; 33-115.

Weitzman ML. Voting on prices vs. voting on quantities in a world climate assembly. Research in Economics. 2017;71:199–211.

BFD. Official website of Bangladesh Forest Department; 2018.

Saatchi SS, Harris NL, Brown S, Lefsky M, Mitchard ETA, Salas W, Morel A. Benchmark map of forest carbon stocks in tropical regions across three continents. Proc. National Academy of Sci. 2011;108: 9899–9904.

Ahammad R, Hossain MK, Husnain P. Governance of forest conservation and co-benefits for Bangladesh under changing the climate. J. Fores. Res. 2014;25:29-36.

Ahmed N, Glaser M. Coastal aquaculture, mangrove deforestation and blue carbon emissions: Is REDD+ a solution? Marine Policy. 2016;66:58-66.

Mahmood H, Siddique MRH, Akhter M. A critical review and database of biomass and volume allometric equation for trees and shrubs of Bangladesh. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environ-mental Science. 2016;39:12-17.

Ketterings QM, Coe R, Van Noordwijk M, Ambagau Y, Palm CA. Reducing uncertainty in the use of allometric biomass equations for predicting above ground tree biomass in mixed secondary forest. Forest Ecol. & Manag. 2001;146: 199-209.

Brown S, Delaney M, Shoch D. Carbon monitoring, analysis and status report for the Rio Bravo Carbon Sequestration Pilot Project. In: Report to the Programme for Belize. Report to the Programme for Belize, Winrock International, Arlington, VA, USA; 2001.

Gibbs HK, Brown S, Niles JO, Foley JA. Monitoring and estimating tropical forest carbon stocks: Making REDD a reality. Environ. Res. Lett. 2007;2(4):1-13.

Donato DC, Kauman JB, Murdiyarso D, Kurnianto S, Stidham M, Kanninen M. Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics. Nature Geoscience. 2011;4:293-303.

Brown S. Measuring, monitoring and verification of carbon benefits for forest-based projects. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of London. 2002;360: 1669-1683.

Prescott CE, Vesterdal L. Tree species effects on soils in temperate and boreal forests. Forest Ecologyand Management, 2013;309:1-3.

Guckland A, Jacob M, Flessa H, Thomas FM, Leuschner C. Acidity, nutrient stocks, and organic-matter content in soils of a temperate deciduous forest with different abundance of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). J. Plant Nutrition and Soil Sci. 2009;172:500-511.

Dawud SM, Raulund-Rasmussen K, Domisch T, Finger L, Jaroszewic B, Vesterdal L. Is tree species diversity or species identity the more important driver of soil carbon stocks, C/N ratio, and pH? Ecosystems. 2016;19:645-660.

Schmidt M, Veldkamp E, Corre MD. Tree species diversity effects on productivity, soil nutrient availability and nutrient response efficiency in a temperate deciduous forest. Forest Ecology and Management. 2015;338:114-123.

Paquette A, Messier C. The effect of biodiversity on tree productivity: From temperate to boreal forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2011;20:170–180.

Jucker T, Bouriaud O, Avacaritei D, Coomes DA. Stabilizing effects of diversity on aboveground wood production in forest ecosystems: Linking patterns and processes. Ecology Letters. 2014;17: 1560–1569.

Kumar R, Pandey S, Pandey A. Plant roots and carbon sequestration. Current Science. 2006;91:885-890.

Zare S, Karami S, Namiranian M, Shabanali FH. Principles of Urban Forestry. University Tehran Press. 2009; 180.

Pandey SS, Cockfield G, Maraseni TN. Carbon stock dynamics indifferent vegetation dominated community forests under REDD+ acase from Nepal. For. Ecol. Manag. 2014;327:40–47.

Wondimu MT. Carbon stock potentials of woody plant species in Biheretsige and Central closed public parks of Addis Ababa and it contribution to climate change mitigation. M. S. thesis 2013, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia; 2013.

Pearson TRH, Brown SL, Birdsey RA. Measurement guidelines for the sequestration of forest carbon. General Technical Report-NRS-18, USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station; 2007.

Chave J, Andalo C, Brown S, Cairns MA, Chambers JQ, Eamus D, Folster H, Fromard F, Higuchi N, Kira T, Lescure JP, Nelson BW, Ogawa H, Puig H, Riera B, Yamakura T. Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests. Oecologia. 2005;145:87–99.

Cairns MA, Brown S, Helmer EH, Baumgardner GA. Root biomass allocation in the world’s upland forests. Oecologia. 1997;111:1-11.

Averti IS, Felix K, Yannick B. Above ground biomass in humid tropical wetland forests of the Republic of Congo, Congo Basin. Intl. J. Engin. Sci. % Res. Tech., 2014;9:425-439.

Gibbs HK, Brown S, Niles JO, Foley JA. Monitoring and estimating tropical forest carbon stocks: Making REDD a reality. Environ. Res. Lett. 2007;2(4):1-13.

Borah N, Nath AJ, Das AK. Aboveground biomass and carbon stocks of tree species in tropical forests of Cachar district, Assam, Northeast India. Intl. J. Ecol. & Env. Sci. 2013;39(2):97-106.

Jaman MS, Hossain MF, Islam MS, Helal MGJ, Jamil M. Quantification of carbon stock and tree diversity of home gardens in Rangpur District, Bangladesh. Intl. J. Agric. & Forest. 2016;6(5):169-180.

Liu X, Ekoungoulou R, Loumeto JJ, Ifo SA, Bocko YE, Koula FE.). Evaluation of carbon stocks in above and below ground biomass in central Africa: Case study of Lesio-louna tropical rainforest of Congo. Biogeosciences. 2014;11:10703-10736.

Swai G, Ndangalasi HJ, Munishi PKT, Shirima DD. Carbon stocks of Hanang forest, Tanzania: An implication for climate mitigation. J. Ecology and the Natural Environment. 2014;6(3):90-98.