Assessment of Soil Quality Irrigated with Tube Well Water at University Fadama Farm Jega, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero
Asian Soil Research Journal,
A research was conducted on the soils of teaching and research fadama farm of Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aliero located at Jega, with the aim of assessing the soil quality irrigated with tube well water of the study area. The entire University Fadama land was divided into three sections namely T1, T2 and T3 and from each section, three (3) composite soil samples were collected. Each soil sample was collected 2meters away from a tubewell where water sample was also collected. Three (3) samples of the tube well water were collected from the three demarcated areas T1, T2 and T3, making a total of nine (9) samples. These samples were collected in a clean 75cl water bottle provided with a cap. Each water sample was analysed for pH, total dissolved solid (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), magnesium (Mg) and potassium (K). Soil sample was analyzed for pH, organic carbon, total nitrogen, available phosphorus. Result obtained showed that pH was 7.2, TDS 2.55 mg/l, EC 0.25 µs/cm, SAR 1.35, Mg 90.25, K 1.43 and RSC -3.8. Soil analysis showed that organic carbon content was 0.75 g/kg, total nitrogen 0.06 g/kg, Phosphorus 0.65 g/kg and CEC ranged 6.96-7.32 cmol(+)/kg. The study showed that soil in the area were low in fertility, therefore fertilizer of both organic and inorganic should be supplemented to make the soils more fertile. The soils were found to be free from salinity/sodicity problems at least for now.
- Soil quality
- tube well
- sodicity hazards
How to Cite
Sanda AR, Samson Francis, Musa Ahmed A, Ahmed Idris. Assessment of irrigation water quality of the Jega floodplains and their influence on soil properties. International Invention Journal of Agricultural and Soil Science. 2014; 2(6):94-98.
Ayers RS, Wescot DW. Water quality for agricultural irrigation and drainage. FAO, Rome. 1985;29.
Armborg T. Where savanna turns into desert. Experiences from the Sudan savanna zone in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Rural development Studies 24, Uppsala; 1988.
Chopra, Kanwar. Analytical agricultural chemistry. 4th ed., Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, New Delhi, India. 1991;278.
US Salinity Laboratory Staff. Diagnosis and improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils. Richards LA (ed.) USDA Handbook No. 60. US Government Printing Press, Washington D.C; 1954.
Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR. Method of soil analysis. Second edition, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Winconsin, U.S.A; 1982.
Walkley A, Black TA. An examination of the Degtjarett methos for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Journal of Soil Science. 1934; 37:29-38.
Bray RH, Kurtz LT. Determination of total, organic, and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science. 1945;59:39-45.
Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall Inc. Engle Wood Ciffs. N.J.U.S.A; 1962.
Chapman HD. Cation exchange Capacity. In: Methods of soil analysis part 2 agronomy. Madison, Wisconsin. 1965;891-901.
Singh BR. Fertility and salinity/sodicity status of fadama soils in North western Nigeria I: Kebbi State, Nigerian Journal of Basic and applied Sciences. 1999a;1-14.
Singh BR. Quality of irrigation water in Fadama lands of Northwestern Nigeria II. Tube wells water in Zamfara State. Nigerian Journal of Basic Applied Science. 2000b;9:191-202.
Roose EJ, Lelong. Factors of the chemical composition of seepage and ground waters in the inter-tropical zone (West Africa). J. Hydro. 1981;1-22.
Richard LA. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. U.S.D.A. Handbook, U.S. Government Printing Press. Washington D.C. 1954;60.
Jones MJ, Wild A. Soils of West African Savanna. Technical communication No. 55 Common Wealth Bureau of Soil, Harpende, England; 1975.
Yacouba M. Physico-chemical and hydraulic properties of the fadama soils in Sokoto Rima River Basin, Sokoto State, Nigeria. Unpublished M.Sc. Dissertation, Department of Soil Science and Agri-cultural Engineering, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria; 1996.
Esu IE. Detailed soil survey of NIHORT farm at Bunkure, Kano State, Nigeria. Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; 1991.
Singh BR, Babaji GA, Ibrahim SA. Characteristics of soils in Dundaye 3. The soil and water quality along the Kandolishela stream valley. Nig. Journal of Basic Applied Sceince. 1996;5:77-84.
Graham WR, Singh BR. Soil and water quality under large irrigation in semi-arid ecosystem I. Wurno Irrigation Project area Sokoto State. In: B.R. Singh (edn) Management of Marginal lands in Nigeria. Proceeding of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Soil Science Society of Nigeria, held at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto. 2nd-5th March. 1997;209-218.
Singh BR, Tsoho HK. Fertility and salinity/sodicity studies of the fadama soils in North-Western Nigeria III; in Sokoto State along the perennial surface water bodies. Nigerian Journal of Basic and applied Sciences. 2001;10:12-16.
Sahabi DM, Shehu RA, Ladan MJ, Garba B. Levels of some alkaline and heavy metals in soil of some selected fadama areas around Sokoto Metropolis Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Environment. 2002;2:3-381.
Adegbite MA. Assessment of soil fertility status of university fadama land, Jega, Kebbi State. A final year project submitted to the Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Kebbi state. (Unpublished). 2012;24-32.
FAO. Guidelines: Land evaluation irrigated agriculture. Soils Bull No. 55, FAO, Rome. 1985;6-11.
Abstract View: 1650 times
PDF Download: 1005 times