Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Bo Maw *

Department of Soil and Water Science, Yezin Agricultural University, Myanmar.

Swe Swe Mar

Department of Soil and Water Science, Yezin Agricultural University, Myanmar.

Kyaw Ngwe

Department of Soil and Water Science, Yezin Agricultural University, Myanmar.

Thu Zar

Department of Agronomy, Yezin Agricultural University, Myanmar.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

To evaluate the effect of different levels of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield of SinThuKha rice variety, the experiment was conducted with randomized complete block (RCB) design by three replications. The experiments were carried out in Water Utilization Research section, Department of Agricultural Research (DAR) at Yezin, Naypyitaw, Myanmar during dry and wet seasons, 2023.The organic sources used were poultry manure and cow dung manure. The treatments were T1 (Control ), T2 (100% RFF) (Recommended Rate of Fertilizer), T3 (6 t ha-1 Cow dung manure) (CM), T4 (6 t ha-1 Poultry Manure) (PM), T5 ( 25% RRF + 4.5 t ha-1 CM), T6 (25% RRF + 4.5 t ha-1 PM  ), T7 (50% RRF+ 3 t ha-1 CM), T8 (50% RRF + 3 t ha-1 PM), T9 (75% RRF+1.5 t ha-1 CM), T10 (75% RRF+1.5 t ha-1 PM). It was observed that the grain yields as well as the yield attributing parameters like number of tillers hill-1, panicle length, number of panicles hill-1, number of spikelets panicle-1, filled grain percent were significantly different among different treatments except 1000 grain weight. The maximum grain yield was resulted (796.10 g m2) in dry season and (666.35 g m2) in wet season at T8 treatment (50% RRF + 3 t ha-1 PM). Among the treatments the higher yield of T8 and T10 were observed in both seasons followed by T2, T7 and T9.

Keywords: Cow dung manure, poultry manure, organic fertilizer


How to Cite

Maw, B., Mar, S. S., Ngwe, K., & Zar, T. (2024). Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Asian Soil Research Journal, 8(2), 9–19. https://doi.org/10.9734/asrj/2024/v8i2147

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