Response of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to Potassium and Sulfur Application at Kafta Humera District, Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Main Article Content

Teame Shimgabr
Lemma Wogi
Anteneh Argaw

Abstract

Potassium and sulfur are among the most important nutrients limiting sesame production. EthioSIS soil testing map indicate that nutrients such as K and S are deficient in the study site. Study was carried out to investigate response of sesame to K and S application at Humera Agricultural Research Center, Kafta Humera district, Tigray, Ethiopia in 2016 main cropping season. Treatments consisted four levels of potassium (0, 20, 40 and 60 kg K2O ha-1 as KCl) and four levels of sulfur (0, 20, 40 and 60 kg ha-1 as CaSO4.2H2O). The experiment was laid out as Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in factorial arrangement with three replications using Setit-1 sesame variety. Soil sample was taken, result of soil analysis revealed that the soil was clayey textural class, neutral in soil reaction (pH = 7.35), low organic matter content (0.73%), very low total N (0.03 %) and very low available P (0.74 mg kg-1), high  soil cation exchange capacity (CEC) (40 cmol(+) kg-1), medium exchangeable K (0.26 cmol(+) kg-1) and low extractable sulfur (4.78 mg kg-1). Maximum sesame grain yields (1371.67 kg ha-1) was obtained from plot treated with 20 kg K2O ha-1 + 40 kg S ha-1 which resulted 145.3% increase over the control  plot`s yield. From plots fertilized with K and S levels at a rate of 20 kg K ha-1 and 40 kg S ha-1 was obtained higher yield of sesame. It is conclude, therefore, it will be good to promote K and S for further demonstration.

Keywords:
Potassium, sulfur, sesame, grain yield.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shimgabr, T., Wogi, L., & Argaw, A. (2020). Response of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to Potassium and Sulfur Application at Kafta Humera District, Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Asian Soil Research Journal, 2(4), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.9734/asrj/2019/v2i430061
Section
Original Research Article

References

FAOSTAT. The food and agricultural organization corporation statistical database. Analysis of price incentives for sesame seed in Ethiopia for the period 2005-2012. Technical notes series, MAFAP, by Kuma Worako T, MasAparisi A, Lanos B, Rome; 2015.

CSA (Central Statistical Agency). Agricultural Sample Survey 2014/2015 (2007 E.C.), Report on area and production of crops (Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season). Statistical Bulletin, Addis Ababa. 2015;1.

Zerihun J. Sesame (Sesame indicum L.) Crop production in Ethiopia: Trends, Challenges and Future Prospects, Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal. 2012;1(3):01-07.

Amare HA, Priess E, Veldkamp D, Teketay P. Lesschen. Assessment of soil nutrient depletion and its spatial variability on smallholders’ mixed farming systems in Ethiopia using partial versus full nutrient balances. Agri, Eco, and Environment. 2005;108:1–16.

Zia S, Gill A, Aslam M, Hussain F. Fertilizer use efficiency in Pakistan. Progressive Farming. 2001;11:35-8.

William T. Potassium influences on yield and quality production formaize, wheat, soybean and cotton. Physiologia Plantarum. 2008;133:670–681.

Havlin L, Beaton D, Tisdale L, Nelson L. Soil fertility and fertilizers. An introduction to nutrient management. 7th Ed. Pearson Education Inc. Singapore. 2004;221.

Ahmad NT, Saleem M, Rashid, Jalil A. Sulfur status and crop response in Pakistan soils. National Fertilizer Development Center. Pub. No. 7/94. Planning and Dev. Div., Islamabad. 1994; 1-5.

Hirel B, Le Gouis J, Ney B, Gallais A. The challenge of improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants: Toward a more central role for genetic variability and quantitative genetics within integrated approaches. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2007;58(9):2369-2387.

Ethio SIS (Ethiopian Soil Information System).
Available:http://www.ata.gov.et/highlighted-deliverables/ethiopian-soil-information-system-ethiosis/. 2015.
[Accessed 7 May 2016]

EARO. An assessment of agricultural production base. Technological packages and innovation strategies for commercial farmers in Kafta Humera Wereda Tigray regional state, Ethiopia; 2002.

CIMMYT. From Agronomic Data to Farmer Recommendations: An Economics Training Manual. Completely revised edition. Mexico; 1988.

Berhanu D. The Vertisols of Ethiopia their properties, classification and management. 5th Meeting of the Eastern African Soil Correlation and Land Evaluation Sub-Committee, 4-10 December 1983, Wad Medani Sudan. World Soil Resources Report 56. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Rome. 1985;31-54.

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization). World reference base for soil resources. 2014. United Nations, Rome; 2014.

Carlsson S, Channa P, Gudu S, Suh C, Were A. Oilseed Crops. A Compendium of transgenic crop plant, Weley Black Well Ltd. USA. 2008;88.

Tekalign T. Soil, plant, water, fertilizer, animal manure and compost analysis. Working Document No. 13. International Livestock Research Center for Africa, Addis Ababa; 1991.

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization). Plant nutrition for food security: A guide for integrated nutrient management. FAO, Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin 16, Rome; 2006.

Marx J, Hart, Stevens G. Soil test interpretation guide. Oregon State University Extension Service. 1999. EC; 1478.

Azlan AR, Aweng O. Ibrahim, Noorhaidah A. Correlation between soil organic matter, total organic matter and water content correlation between Soil Organic. Journal Applied Science Environment Management. 2012;16(4):353-358.

Tisdale L, Nelson L, Beaton J, Havlin L. Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Macmillan Publishing Company. New York. 2002; 633.

Hazelton P, Murphy B. Interpreting soil test results: What do all the numbers mean? 2nd Edition. CSIRO Publishing. 2007;152.

Rhoades D. In Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Second Edition (A.L. Page.Miller and D.R. Keeney, Eds.). American Society of Agronomy. Madison, USA; 1982.

Juff B. Role of potassium: The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation; 2014.
Available:https://www.noble.org/ag/soils/roleofpotassium.
[Accessed on May 12, 2016]

Shaun C, Jim C, Stephen M. Sulfur deficiency in Corn. Purdue University Department of Agronomy, Soil Fertility Update; 2012.
Available:http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/SulfurDeficiency.pdf.
[Accessed 18 March 2016]

Ashley KM, Grant, Grabov A. Plant responses to potassium deficiencies: A role for potassium transport proteins. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2006; 57(2):425–436.

Jadav R, Padamani P, Polara B, Parmar B, Babaria B. Effect of different level of sulfur and potassium on growth, yield and yield attributes of sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.). An Asian Journal of Soil Science. 2010;5(1):106-108.

Rajiv P, Prakash G. Response of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) varieties to sulfur and potassium application under rain fed condition. International Journal of Agricultural Science. 2012;8(2):476-478.

Bhosale D, Dabhi M, Gaikwad P, Chavan B. Growth, yield and quality parameters of Sesamum (Sesamum indicum L) as influenced by different levels of potash and sulphur, Internaternational Journal of Forestry and Crop Improvement. 2011; 2(2):121-123.

Egilla N, Davies T, Drew C. Effect of potassium on drought resistance of Hibiscus rosasinensiscv. Leprachaun: plant growth, leaf macro-and micronutrient content and root longevity. Plant and Soil. 2001;229:213–224.

Bhosale D, Dabhi M, Gaikwad P, Agarwal C. Influence of potash and sulphur levels on yield, quality and economics of sesamum (Sesamum indicum L.). International Journal of Plant Science. 2009;6(2):335-337.

Saren K, Tudu S, Nandi P. Effect of irrigation and sulphur on growth and productivity of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Madras Agricultural Journal. 2004;91:56–60.

Haile D, Nigussie D, Ayana A. Nitrogen use efficiency of bread wheat: Effects of nitrogen rate and time of application. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2012;12 (3):389- 409.

Singh K, Singh H, Chhangte Z. Efficacy of urea in integration with azolla and vermicompost in rainfed rice production and their residual effect on soil properties. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2005;75 (1):44.

Rahimen K, Enayatollah T. Yield potential evaluation and path analysis of different sesame genotypes under various levels of iron. African Journal of Plant Science. 2011;5(15):862-866.

Mustafa H, Saad B, Ejaz-ul H, Qurban A, Muhammad A, Muhammad A, Tariq M. Selection criteria for improvement in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) American Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 2015; 9(4):1-13.